Martin Luther King jr.
* 15. january 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia
† 4. April 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee (aged 39)
1955 he led Montgomery Bus Boycott.
1957 he helped Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), he serving as it's first president.
The King's efforts led to 1963 March on Washington, where the King delivered his "I have a Dream" speech.
October 14 1964, Martin Luther King jr. received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating recial inequality thought nonviolence.
In the next few years leading up to his death, he focused to include poverty and the Vietnam War.
The King was planning a national occupation of Washington D.C., called the Poor People's Campign.
The king was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee.
1977 he was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and Congressional Gold Medal.
2004 Martin Luther King jr Day was established as an U.S. federal holiday.
Source is Wikipedia.